Thursday, August 27, 2020
Social and Emotional Learning - Essay Example Ã¢â¬ ¢ Social passionate learning in schools is best accomplished when they are modified. In other words that the social passionate learning ought to be standardized to have a center and perceived spot in the educational plan of the school. The way toward coding the social passionate adapting needs of understudies into the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s educational program is alluded to as social enthusiastic picking up programming; and the particular exercises that fall under the social enthusiastic getting the hang of writing computer programs are known as social enthusiastic learning programs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Roberts (2009) recognizes some social passionate learning programs that could normally be utilized in out schools and that are similarly replicable in this specific school. Yet, even before illuminating the particular social and enthusiastic learning programs that can be executed in schools, she alerts every one of the projects ought to have the option to Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ provide some remuneration, regularly working with guardians and the neighborhood communityÃ¢â¬ and this ought to surely be the sole reason for making a decision about the feasibility of any named social and passionate learning program (p. 17). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Based on the measures given over, the accompanying types of social and enthusiastic learning programs are recognized and quickly sketched out on how they work in the educational system. The projects incorporate citizenship instruction, Early Training Project, Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), individual social and wellbeing instruction (PSHE), Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning (SEAL), the Carolina Abecedarian Project, and the Milwaukee Projects (p. 17-25). These social and enthusiastic learning programs are utilized in various pieces of the world; especially in the United States of America and in the United Kingdom. Contingent upon where these projects are discovered, they are executed in various structures. In the instances of the Early Training Project, the Carolina Abecedarian Project and the Milwaukee Projects, a great deal of the consideration and spotlight is on kids from poor financial families. Without a doubt, these types of social and enthusiastic learning progr ams can't be thought little of in any case since given any reasonable universal schools framework; there is the probability that not all the kids would be of equivalent financial standing. Without a doubt, it is consistent with concede that by and large, understudies from low-class financial homes structure the dominant part in many schools and in this manner adjusting these projects for any model schools would be a positive development. Exploration led on the feasibility and legitimacy of the three projects to be specific the Early Training Project, the Carolina Abecedarian Project and the Milwaukee Projects found that despite the fact that the projects didn't assume critical jobs in improving the keen remainders of the understudies in question, the understudies profited extraordinarily as far as school and school accomplishment, social aptitudes and conduct. (p. 17). This is in fact an accomplishment that can't be thought little of in any capacity. This is on the grounds that the examination further expressed that combined with inspiration, the social and enthusiastic learning programs did so well in Ã¢â¬Ëreducing the effect on wrongdoing and improve wellbeing and business prospectsÃ¢â¬ (p. 17). Different types of social and enthusiastic learning programs are similarly practical. These are the individual social and wellbeing instruction (PSHE) and citizenship training. These two projects are basic in England. These two progra
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Resource Plan Public Service Announcement Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Asset Plan Public Service Announcement - Essay Example In this way, both the Commercial angling (fish firms and anglers) has fundamentally added to the decay of the ocean fish where if the nonappearance of legitimate and viable estimates continue, it will quicken declining fish stock. Successful sustainment plan will involve including anglers (both business and non business), networks, statesÃ¢â¬â¢ systems other than earthy people. For the reasonable arrangement to be viable and each substance comprehends its importance, there will be a need of holding various gatherings. These will be for haggling with the key gatherings by causing them to comprehend the impacts of their overfishing other than laying out the planned procedures intended to safeguard worldwide fish (Recharte, Bowler and Bodmer, 2008). Meeting all the included gatherings other than haggling with them will most likely take 1 to 4 months roughly. The arrangement will involve upholding use of overhauled angling types of gear that will guarantee not any more getting of the effectively littler fish to permit dying. Plus, angling will be in interims combined with sanctioning of business angling firms where they will hold fast to severe guidelines and arrangements. This is to permit sufficient fish reari ng other than avoiding explicit districts where overfishing is apparent. The preservationists attributable to their desire and energy for nature and particularly sea-going life, they will bolster the manageable arrangement where some might be happy to contribute emphatically (Recharte, Bowler and Bodmer, 2008). Then again, both the business and non-business gatherings may or not concur with the supportable arrangement where it will call for delayed convincing. Angling strategies regularly lead to the termination of other sea-going species. This is on the grounds that they become snared in the nets or other angling supplies where anglers in the wake of getting their planned catch ordinarily dispose of them on the shore. Henceforth, jeopardize different species that typically
Friday, August 21, 2020
The Scarlet Letter6 articles Numerous implications and conversation giving knowledge into the letter The letter A was to be worn as a discipline, to be worn in disgrace, to be worn as adulteress. This might not have been obviously and legitimately expressed to the peruser, however all through perusing the book, you assemble conceivable concealed implications of Hesters red letter. In spite of the fact that the feeling of the significance adulteress is steady, the allegorical, passionate, and moralistic implications of the red letter change from positive to negative understandings all through the novel The Scarlet Letter. The Puritan people group was a dull, severe society, feeling not interested in the humankind of the lady remaining before them on the platform, with her newborn child little girl against her chest. The wonderfully weaved letter doesn't shine according to the individuals. The letter shapes the manner in which they take a gander at Hester and the manner in which they treat her. They segregate Hester socially as well as through her area, which at last causes her own enthusiastic seclusion. It had the impact of a spell, removing her from the normal relations with humankind and inclosing her in a circle without anyone else. (40) In any case, the people groups demeanor changes. It experiences different exciting rides of positive and negative implications over the span of the novel. The imagery of the red letter is extended in Chapter Five, Hester at Her Needle. Though from the outset it spoke to Hester's infidelity and furthermore her embroidery abilities, it currently takes on more implications. The letter starts to speak to the concealed disgrace of the network. This disgrace is appeared through Hesters responses around the network, similar to when she nearly conceals the letter with her hand. Ministers will stop in the road and give messages when they see Hester. The letter in this way turns into a case of wrongdoing and goes about as an impediment for others in the network. All through the starting sections Hester is... <!
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Most police agencies have neglected these issues and do not fully understand the impact they have on the community they serve. Studies have shown the distrust the public has with several different professions, the police professions is one of the important one of them. This problem can be corrected by the police departments if they perform a better job and training and educating the officers on the Code of Ethics and the Police Oath of office. People claim that police department usually take corruption when dealing with criminals Corruption is a subtype of immorality, and all corrupt actions are a subtype of immoral action. However, not all immorality is corruption, and not all immoral acts are corrupt acts. For example, minor lawbreaking by a police officer might count as immoral without being an act of corruption. Also, negligent acts are sometimes immoral, but not necessarily corrupt. Corrupt acts have a number of properties that other immoral actions do not possess, such as 1. co rruption involves demonstration of a regular character or habit on the part of the officer; 2. corruption exists when the law is seen as hopelessly inadequate and incurable, such as when guilty offenders go unpunished; and 3. corruption is driven by narrow, personal or collective self-interest, such as the financial gain of a group of employees or the career advancement of employees. A practical example of corruption in police department is Pakistani police when they get an Afghan refugee orShow MoreRelatedPolice Codes Of Conduct And Police Code Of Ethics1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Police officers are held to a higher standard than most members in society and the community they serve. Not only must they observe and abide by the common law of the land, there are additional rules and principles they must abide by. This is illustrated in the police officer s code of conduct and police code of ethics. Many police departments have their own code of conduct which are to be followed by the officers. Just like any other profession, there are no fool proof rules and standards.Read MoreThe Code Of Ethics And The Police Department848 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesleaders. Within the SCORE unit of the Kansas City, Kansas Police Department (KCKPD) at the time of the indictment, it was not clear if leaders set a tone of ethical conduct, nor did it appear that principled conduct was the cornerstone of the command leadership philosophy. Specifically, all ethical standards for Kansas City Police Department are derived from Wyandotte County Unified Government code of ethics and the police department lacks police specific philosophies toward ethical conduct (UnifiedRead MoreCode Of Ethics Within Policing1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshave their own code of ethics. But a question some might ask is, what is a code of ethics? Code of ethics set out the values that reinforce the code and will describe a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s obligation to its stakeholders. The code is available to the public and can be addressed to anyone who shows interest in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s activities and how that company does business. The purpose of this paper is to compare a code of ethics from another institution outside of policing, with a code of ethics within policingRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma of a Police Officer Essay1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDilemma of a Police Officer Professions are guided by codes of ethics to aid them in performance of their duties and to ensure maintenance of high standards of conduct. Police officers are faced with a maze of obligations in the performance of their official duties. The Ã¢â¬Å"Law Enforcement Code of EthicsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Canons of Police EthicsÃ¢â¬ were created to make explicit the conduct considered appropriate for police officers and to guide them in the performance of their duties. Although police have these guidesRead MoreCriminal Justice: Ethics and Integrity676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEthics and integrity are important to a police chief or county sheriff in a number of ways. First, ethics and integrity assist a police chief or a county sheriff to recruit the best officers who can work in their departments. It is only through application of the principles of ethics and integrity that a police chief or a county sheriff can identify these qualities in the potential applicants, and use them in the recr uitment process. Second, ethics and integrity are important to a police chief orRead MoreCode Of Conduct For Law Enforcement Essay1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEthics in Criminal Justice Assignment 1 Sydney E Vaughn CRJU 1400 Ethics and Cultural Perspectives in Criminal Justice Professor Stephen N. Knights Jr October 22, 2016 Contents Introduction 2 Police Ethics 2 Corruption 3 Police Corruption 3 Police Discretion in Ethics 4 Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement 4 Types of Police Corruption 4 Ethics in the Courtroom 5 Prosecuting Attorneys 5 Defense Attorneys 5 Ethics in Police Training 6 Closing 6 Introduction Ethics by definition states thatRead MoreEssay on Ethics in Policing824 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics in Policing CJS/210 November 1, 2009 William Whitlatch, Instructor Ethics in Policing According to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary, ethics is defined Ã¢â¬Å"as the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligationÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster Online). This concept is prevalent in the world of police work since police officers are supposed to be the Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ in whatever is considered a Ã¢â¬Å"badÃ¢â¬ situation. Many police departments offer training in ethics during the time in whichRead MoreThe Oath of Office and Code of Ethics Essay1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare many issues facing the criminal justice system. Some of these issues include police corruption, use of excessive and deadly force, pursuits, and deviance. The media influences public opinion and there is concern over the morality, and ethics of our public leaders. (DeShon, 2000) The criminal justice system has two neglected and important issues of integrity and truth; the oath of office and the code of ethics. (DeShon, 2000) In many agencies the impact these two iss ues have on our communitiesRead MorePolice Ethics As A Hot Button Topic Socially Today1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPolice Ethics when policing minorities and use of force is a hot button topic socially today. With the recent climb of deaths caused by Police or while in police custody the questionability of ethics in minority has risen among all and not just with the minority groups. There are many current cases where the use of force that police officers chose is queried on excessive force. Recently there are several cases that bring investigation into the ethics of the officers who are involved in using deadlyRead MoreEthical Policies And Practices Of The New South Wales Police Force1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessociety. More specifically, it is an ideal and aiming to practice it is a necessary element in any liberal, democratic communityÃ¢â¬ . The ethical policies and practices of the New South Wales Police Force (N.S.W.P.F), including the Oath of Office, Missions and functions, Stat ement of values and Code of Conduct and Ethics will be discussed in relation to the Ã¢â¬Å"Rule of LawÃ¢â¬ . Two real examples will also be discussed to demonstrate the ethical dilemmas that exist in the N.S.W.P.F. At its most fundamental level
Friday, May 15, 2020
Communication and Leadership Ã¢â¬â Nurse Olivia Witte Communication is a tool that nurse leaders should master to send information, perception, and understanding to achieve work activities and goals. Effective communication involves clear and direct messaging of thoughts and ideas. The three elements that leaders utilize when creating and enhancing effective communication are trust, respect, and empathy. For this paper, I will discuss some of the issues found in chapter sevenÃ¢â¬â¢s critical thinking exercise. Nurse Olivia Witte, who is in charge of an interdisciplinary team, faces several issues regarding communicating with the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s physicians about a critical pathway development for ventilator-dependent patients, the dietician who wants to integrate dietary protocols for the pathway, and a home health care representative who is absent from meetings because of accreditation survey work. Defining the Problem and Assigning Ownership As the group leader, it is OliviaÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility to manage this interdisciplinary team as they develop a critical pathway for patients with multiple complex needs. The main problem presented in this exercise is that Olivia must find a way to communicate to the group the importance of removing the critical pathway barriers to providing patients with the best possible care. Because this issue affects the care coordination of these debilitated patients, this problem belongs to everyone involved in the decision-making group as well as theShow MoreRelatedLeadership : A Nurse Manager Of The Telemetry Floor At The Hospital1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Leadership is an important part of almost all profession. It is no surprise that the role of nursing profession evolving, with that evolution, leadership is becoming more and more important. Leadership establishes an environment that foster personal and professional growth. Nursing is a profession that put huge emphasis on leadership skills. Leadership is such an essential part of our health care system, which can greatly impact the quality, accessibility and affordability of healthRead MoreLeadership From A Nurses Perspective1548 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLeadership in Clinical Nursing When one thinks of leaders, they think of those who hold a high profile position or someone who is highly visible in the public eye. A leader, regardless of prestige is someone who can easily influence and inspire the actions and goals of others. The definition of a leader in Nursing Leadership and Management in Nursing states, Ã¢â¬Å"leadership is commonly defined as a process of influence in which the leader influences others towards goal achievement (Kelly, 2012 p.2)Read MoreNurse Leaders : The Backbone Of Healthcare Industries1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Nurses, who make up the majority of the healthcare workers, are the backbone of healthcare industries. Their knowledge, skills, and commitment to their patients make them a true aspect of nursing. For many years, the role of nurses became more complex due to the changes of the healthcare needs of the population. It has evolved from providing care at bedside to becoming a part of an interdisciplinary team. Nurses are guided by nurse leaders who provide motivation and inspiration forRead MoreLeadership Styles And Standards For Creating Healthy Work Environments930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNUR 565: Leadership and Healthy Work Environments Economist John Maynard Keynes once said that Ã¢â¬Å"the hardest thing is not to get people to accept new ideas; it is to get them to forget old onesÃ¢â¬ (Porter-OÃ¢â¬â¢Grady, Malloch, 2015). In the United States, the healthcare system is a testament to this. Both leadership styles and standards for creating healthy work environments are factors immediately affecting healthcare and its development today. Assessing current leaderships styles and suggesting the inclusionRead MoreNurse Staffing Ratios Essay1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNurse staffing ratios Running head: NURSE STAFFING RATIOS Nurse Staffing Ratios Maureen K. Halstead Grand Canyon University: Theories and Concepts in Leadership and Management/451V September 15, 2012 Nurse Staffing Ratios Over the past number of years there has been a nursing shortage which has led to the need of more registered nurses in the hospital setting. This is due to the uprising acuity of patient care and a decrease in there overall hospital stayRead MoreEngaging Others With Leadership. The Healthcare System1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEngaging Others with Leadership The healthcare system includes multiple individuals with unique leadership skills to improve the quality of care for the patients. Leadership can be defined as identifying a goal to motivate others to act a certain way and provide support (Daly, Jackson. Rumsey, Patterson, Davidson, 2015). Nursing leadership combines both personal traits and theories that depend on the personality of the leader (Scully, 2015). A positive outcome from nursing leadership is that it canRead MorePersonal Statement On Health Assessment Essay1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesusefulness to the current world will also be discussed. The concepts are as follows: Communication in Health Assessment (Module1), Management planning in Nursing Process (Module 3), leadership and leadership style, Data collection in health assessment , nutritional assessment, vital signs, Depression and its assessment, substance abuse assessment and lastly assessing skin diseases: Skin cancer. 1. Communication in health assessment According to Wikipedia, Health Assessment is a plan of careRead MoreLeadership, Leadership And Mobilization Of The Junior Nurses1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNursing profession is a typical sector, which requires effective leadership, as it deals with matter of humanity and life. Leadership in nursing profession should be dynamic and inclusive so as to inspire the team members to a great performance index and to save the lives of the patients through efficient and quality leadership. Several leadership qualities from Abrashoff could be applied into the nursing profession to inspire, motivate, and empower the team members to greater heights of performanceRead MoreA Holistic Perspective Of The Role And Their Impact On Patient Outcomes1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnalyzing a Nurse in a Manger Role The purpose of this paper is to Ã¢â¬Å"gain a holistic perspective of the leadership role and their impact on patient outcomesÃ¢â¬ (Sinutko, 2016). The role of a nurse in a management position can extend beyond the confines of the hospital. Ã¢â¬Å"There are plenty of opportunities to put your nursing skills to good use outside the hospital wallsÃ¢â¬ (Brooks, 2015). Nursing information technology (IT), research analyst, healthcare educator, and the insurance industry are just aRead MoreThe Transformational Leadership Of A Nurse Leader1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs a nurse leader, it is important to have a strong work ethic, efficiency, dependability, and ability to organize. They should also be a well-organized coordinator, knowledgeable collaborator, and skilled delegator who practice safe and effective care. If I am to be a Unit Director, I choose the transformational leadership style. I believe that the best nursing leadership style related to lessened mortality rate of the patient is the transformational leadership, which is inspiring followers to perform
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Interpersonal Communication: Social Exchange Theory Interpersonal communication can be described as communication that occurs between two or more individuals. While communication can be either verbal, nonverbal, or written, interpersonal communication is more commonly practiced through face to face, verbal communication (Burton, 2011). The interpersonal communication process begins with a Ã¢â¬Å"senderÃ¢â¬ , which is the person that is communicating a message to another person. The Ã¢â¬Å"receiverÃ¢â¬ is the person that is retrieving the message from the sender. It is then the receiverÃ¢â¬â¢s job to interpret the message, and give feedback to the sender, allowing them to know that the message was received, and understood (Burton, 2011). Another way interpersonal communication can be looked at uses the Shannon and Weaver model, which breaks up the process into five parts. The information source, transmitter (sender), receiver, destination, and noise, which is sometimes involved (Hill, 2007). Noise is anything that can get in the way of the clarity of a message. An example could be a crackle through the phone line, or an interruption from a third party. Noise can create complications within interpersonal communication, and make it harder for the message to be delivered clearly (Hill, 2007). When it comes to interpersonal communication, there are a few theories that branch off of it. Some of those theories include Social Exchange Theory, Politeness Theory, the Dialectical Perspective and theShow MoreRelatedInterpersonal Communication On A Daily Base983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSociety sees interpersonal communication on a daily base. The question might be what is interpersonal communication, is there conflict, and where we experience it. Communication skills are developed to enhance or improve with the increased knowledge and practice. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world with various forms of communication is ideal to have a superb interpersonal skill. Tough Interpersonal communication is an exchange of information between two or more people. Furthermore, the uncertainty theory comes from theRead MoreThe Effects Of Inappropriate Interpersonal Communication On Health And Social Care Settings1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdealing with inappropriate interpersonal communication between individuals in health and social care settings. I am reviewing the methods how to use interpersonal communication to deal with individuals in health and social care settings. Interpersonal communication is defined as the verbal and non-verbal interaction between two interdependent people (occasionally more). This comparatively is an easy definition suggests a variety of properties. Interpersonal communication process by replacing humanRead MoreSocial Exchange Theory1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Social Exchange Theory was created by researchers John W. Thibaut and Harold H. Kelley, was an attempt to everyday interpersonal relationships. This theory, with backgrounds in sociology and economics, appeals to so many because of it simple answers to human interaction and intentions. The social exchange theory is very rational and considers humans to be rational in every thought they make. It examines human behavior through costs and benefits of being in a particular relationship. The theoryRead MoreThe Social Exchange Theory in Interp ersonal Relationships1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInterpersonal communication is a form of communication that takes place between two people who have an established relationship. There are many different levels of interpersonal communication and theories of interpersonal communication. One of the theories that is used to explain changes in social behavior is the social exchange theory. The social exchange theory proposes that social behavior is the result of an exchange process between two people. The basic concept of the exchange theory is thatRead MoreInterpersonal Relationships And Its Effects On The Family And Community822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesneed for interpersonal relationships including intimate, business, and family relationships, and friendship. The topic of interpersonal relationships has been an area of concern for many disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Academicians aim to discover the combination of factors that sustain or hinder interpersonal r elations and why people need them. In this quest, many theories, concepts, and axioms have been proposed to explain the complex notion of interpersonal relationshipsRead MoreThe Effects of Facebook Communication on Social Penetration Theory1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The Effects of Facebook Communication on Social Penetration Theory This paper examines a possible study to measure how CMC -- specifically Facebook communication -- is changing and evolving social penetration theory (Altman Taylor, 1973). More specifically, the surveys are designed to determine if self-disclosure is happening more quickly in Facebook relationships. Altman and Taylor examine the stages of self-disclosure in social penetration theory and this study will determine if theRead MoreThe Social Penetration Theory the Uncertain Reduction Theory Implications on the Sales Process1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUncertainty reduction theory This theory comes to explain the uncertainty among people who communicate with each other and how different types of communication will help to reduce the uncertainty. As a starting point, the developers of this theory (Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese) stated that uncertainty is an unpleasant feeling, which people prefer to avoid as much as they can. Every person has been confronted with the feeling of uncertainty, rather if it was when arriving to new a destinationRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Interpersonal Relationships1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In order to understand the impact that social media and technology have had on human interpersonal relationships a perspective into the theories of interpersonal relations might be of help. First of all, the very basic definition of Interpersonal relationships are the social connections that we make with others. As human beings we have a multitude of interpersonal relationships; family, friends, love interests, marriage and f ellow workers. These relationships can be short lived, casual or long lastingRead MoreSocial Penetration1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrelation or dealing with each other. It is through the process of communication, which is the process where human beings transmit ideas, information, and attitudes to one another, that our relationships are forged. Without communication there would be no relationships involved with people. Many communication scholars have tried to study on how these relationships develop. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor had developed a theory, social penetration, to explain how relationships are established and explainRead MoreInterpersonal Relationships Analysis1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInterpersonal Relationships Analysis This comprehensive analysis determines the concepts, components, and elements of interpersonal relationships. The concept of attraction foundations shows four different stages of attraction beginning with social and interpersonal communication skills forming a bond between two people. The social environment promotes building of interpersonal relationships for both the professional and private environments. The unique exchanges between interpersonal relationships
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Logistics Management in Retail Manufacturer Zara. Answer: Introduction This report aims to study the supply chain management and logistics of fashion retailer, Zara. In the business world Zara has made its name in terms of managing its supply chain in best possible way, therefore this company has been selected for studying the importance of efficient supply chain management. We would discuss the background of the company followed by essential supply chain/logistics management terms and concepts. Thereby we would study in detail the components of supply chain and their role in making Zara a success story. Further we would explore the centralized logistics and strong distribution network of Zara, its Just-in-time policy and inventory management concepts. The study is to explore the effectiveness of strong supply chain management by Zara. However, its success might not be solely dependent on the strength of its supply chain management but Zara nevertheless, sets an example of well organised and efficient supply chain. The theoretical concepts of moving inventory, good relationships with suppliers, avoidance of piled up stock are all evident in the supply chain of Zara. Company Profile In 1975, Zara was established by Amancio Ortega Gaona and Rosalia Mera and it initially dealt with lingerie and night wears for women which were actually cancelled orders and other replicas of high end fashion brands. The company is based in Arteixo, Galicia and is prime brand of the Inditex group, its parent group and largest retailer of apparels across the globe. It also owns brands like Zara Home, Oysho, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Pull and Bear, Stradivarius and Uterqe. Zara as well as its parent group place main emphasis on the its customers and its highly effective demand centric supply management (O'Marah and Hofman, 2010). today Zara has more than 2000 stores across the world and boasts revenue of 11.594 billion in 2015 (Zara, 2015). Supply Chain/Logistics Management form source to customer The function of Supply chain management (SCM) is to supervise the flow of information, materials as well as finances in the process beginning from the supplier to manufacturer, to wholesaler to retailer and finally to consumer. Supply chain management includes synchronizing and assimilating these flows of the processes in the company as well as among other companies. Logistics management could be considered as a part of supply chain management. Logistics management mainly deals in planning, implementing and controlling the competent forward and reverse flow. It also encompasses storage of goods and other associated information from the origin of product or service to the point of consumption, keeping in view the requirements of the customers. In the current business environment, the SCM and the Logistics Management function handles both upstream and downstream systems (Skjott-Larsen et al, 2007). It is important that the management or the business stakeholders should take the inputs from other stakeholders before developing the specific supply chain or logistics management strategy (Romano, 2009). It would be correct to say that for the large manufacturers like Zara, the strategic decisions are based on the underlying supply chain management strength and weakness. For Zara, the supply chain management starts from procurement and it ends at the feedback collection from customers. The feedback from the market and customers enable Zara to have an effective supply chain network in place. The company also uses various other models to connect the Supply Chain strategies with the end customers. According to the Five Forces Model and PESTEL analysis to identify external and internal atmosphere and competitive advantage of Zara listed HM, Benetton and Gap as its major competitors. However, the biggest challenge for the leaders in fashion industry is ever changing customer preferences. This leads to shorter life span of products, market highly flexible and demanding which makes it difficult for companies to maintain their market positions (Christopher, 2005). In these competitive conditions Zara have a strong hold of market due to its strategic supply chain or logistic management. The speed of delivery, the policy of Just-In-Time and vertical integration sets it apart from its competitors and make for an ideal organisation to understand the theories and implementation of supply chain management. Zara deploys logistics processes which are technologically and thereby assist in maintaining its success. At Zara all the main tasks of supply chain management are collaborated with the strategic utilization of resources and fundamental competencies to give it necessary competitive edge. The supply chain of Zara involves frequent communication between its suppliers, fashion designers, factories and store managers. The blueprint of the Zaras supply chain management can be shown as: The management of Zara believes that the communication and the interaction with different stakeholders is the key to success for Zara. Therefore, the company has created an agile Supply Chain where different stakeholders can interact without wasting any time. The company has also used the Information Technology to create a nimble and flexible Supply Chain. For Zara, the key consideration of Supply Chain Management is to obtain a balance between efficiency and responsiveness (Wolbrum, 2014). The company is known for its efficient Supply Chain and the inventory in the stores of Zara is replenished at shorter time intervals. It provides a competitive edge to Zara. Therefore, it would be correct to say that Zara has been able to use its Supply Chain Management as its strategic resource that has helped the company to improve its business positioning. Supply Chain Components at Zara and Sustainability through the value chain From the manufacturer to the consumer the chain of processes followed at Zara constitutes its Supply Chain. This chain includes the following stages: designing stage, sourcing stage, manufacturing stage and stage of distribution to outlets. At outlets the products are available for the consumers to choose and purchase. Zara enjoys complete control over various production phases of its products. The success of company could also be contributed to its control over its operations, beginning from the stage of designing to crafting, manufacturing and to up till delivery of its products. This helps them in rapidly responding to the ever changing preferences of the consumers in the fashion world. In the wake of any new design or trend in the fashion world, Zara rapidly able to deliver required products on very short notice, giving its competitors tough time in the market. It enjoys advantages of horizontal supply chain which is generally much easy to control as the assembly line has minimum possible responsibilities. The most important component of Zaras Supply Chain are its suppliers. Since the company has adopted vertically integrated supply chain it has tremendous control over its suppliers. This enables them to easily meet the demands and keep the products updated as per the market trends. At Zara the production philosophy is to continuously introducing new designs and bringing them to market with quick launches without the trend being out of fashion. They follow the ideology of providing maximum styles to its customers so that they have greater choices. They follow the strategy of launching their products in few limited stores by supplying few pieces of new products. This makes their latest products exclusive thereby generating curiosity and raising demand for the next launches. This strategy also generates streak of compulsive purchasing among the customers because of limited supply. The products of Zara serve the purpose of advertisement as fulfilment of customer expectation is their prima ry target. The products line is frequently changing and the stocks remain limited thus the consumers frequently visits Zara stores (Vachon, 2013). The value chain of Zara and Competition can be shown as: Centralized logistics and strong distribution network Another important component of the supply chain is storage. Zara owns number of warehouses to store their garments and circulate them efficiently to its outlets. The storing of products is not done for longer period of time as this means that the trend of market could change in the meanwhile. Next important part of Zaras supply chain is its distribution system. For outlets in Spain Zara ships its products through Corunna depot or Zara Logistics from the manufacturers (Casamassima, 2011). The company keeps its products fresh and latest by not stocking its inventories for long time and distributing them to outlets twice in a week. In case of international distributions logistics carries distribute it across the border of Spain according to the orders from the stores. These orders are taken by the commercial manager who manages them by placing them with the logistics in accordance with the rank assigned to the stores on the basis of their accuracy of orders and sales (Wolbrum, 2014). Za ra avoids piling up of stock by immediately ceasing production of type of products which are not selling. By doing so the changing needs and preferences of the customers are also met effectively. Zaras strong distribution network make sure that the company deliver goods within 24 hours to its stores across Europe and in less than 40 hours to outlets in America and Asia. Zara uses effective communication technology to ensure that its products collections and designs are updated every week. The store managers can place orders through the La Corunna for both sold as well as unsold products. This technology helps in deciding critical questions whether the product has to be kept in the store or taken off, whether the similar designs are in demand and must be created or not and so on. The designers get feedback from customers regarding the sales, remarks and criticism of their products thereby making effective use of technology to have effective processing. The participant map of Zaras supply chain can be shown as: Just-in-time Policy at Zara Zara has set a global example for the use of supply chain policy of Just in time. Japanese pioneered the policy of Just-in-Time (JiT) which aims at monitors inventory (Hill, 2009). As per the observations of Ohno (1988) Toyota, the car manufacturer was able to eliminate wastes by minimizing inventory holding costs, production time and by reducing defects (Christopher and Towill, 2000). Today the strategy of JiT could be found in use at almost every big manufacturing company. This policy is used at Zara in synchronisation with modernisation and principles of customer value. Zara has competitive advantage due to its robust supply chain. The consumer driven market of fashion makes it necessary for the companies to keep on updating its products. Zara has the quest for invention and it makes best use of the latest innovation and technology to maintain its leadership in the fashion industry. Also, its strong partnership, alliance and clarity with its suppliers give its supply chain much needed forte (Romano, 2009). As per Pedler et al (1997) a company is said to be learning organization when it gives support in collective and individual learning, participative learning, along with partnership, alliance and ecological scanning. At Zara the training, sense of sympathy and cooperative ethos form core characteristics. According to Dalton (2010) learning and core competence are the foundations of competitive advantage. The value chain analysis proposed the core competence of Zara. Inventory management Stocking up of inventory means providing out of fashion clothes in rapidly changing fashion world. Zara completely understands that and avoids piling up of inventory at any stage of its supply chain right from raw materials to finished products. they use inventory optimization models so to help in determining the quantity of products to be delivered to each of its retail stores by means of twice in a week shipments (Hamid, 2012). They make sure that the stock delivered is strictly limited so that each outlet gets just what has been ordered. This also helps in making brand image of being exclusive along with avoiding pile up of unwanted stock. Conclusion In conclusion we can summarize that supply chain management at Zara provides better understanding of placing emphasis on internal value chain. the policies of Zara which are customer-centric products at very high speed without giving chance of trend of its products being out of fashion helps in making Zara a successful company (Yano, 2010). Zara make use of customized technology, vertical integration, logistics and economies of scale learned from Inditex its parent company. Another important factor of its success are knowledge and information management, collaboration and inventive capacity, and strategy for customer-centric products. The success of Zara reflects the strength of its operations. 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