Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Most police agencies have neglected these issues and do not fully understand the impact they have on the community they serve. Studies have shown the distrust the public has with several different professions, the police professions is one of the important one of them. This problem can be corrected by the police departments if they perform a better job and training and educating the officers on the Code of Ethics and the Police Oath of office. People claim that police department usually take corruption when dealing with criminals Corruption is a subtype of immorality, and all corrupt actions are a subtype of immoral action. However, not all immorality is corruption, and not all immoral acts are corrupt acts. For example, minor lawbreaking by a police officer might count as immoral without being an act of corruption. Also, negligent acts are sometimes immoral, but not necessarily corrupt. Corrupt acts have a number of properties that other immoral actions do not possess, such as 1. co rruption involves demonstration of a regular character or habit on the part of the officer; 2. corruption exists when the law is seen as hopelessly inadequate and incurable, such as when guilty offenders go unpunished; and 3. corruption is driven by narrow, personal or collective self-interest, such as the financial gain of a group of employees or the career advancement of employees. A practical example of corruption in police department is Pakistani police when they get an Afghan refugee orShow MoreRelatedPolice Codes Of Conduct And Police Code Of Ethics1560 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Police officers are held to a higher standard than most members in society and the community they serve. Not only must they observe and abide by the common law of the land, there are additional rules and principles they must abide by. This is illustrated in the police officer s code of conduct and police code of ethics. Many police departments have their own code of conduct which are to be followed by the officers. Just like any other profession, there are no fool proof rules and standards.Read MoreThe Code Of Ethics And The Police Department848 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesleaders. Within the SCORE unit of the Kansas City, Kansas Police Department (KCKPD) at the time of the indictment, it was not clear if leaders set a tone of ethical conduct, nor did it appear that principled conduct was the cornerstone of the command leadership philosophy. Specifically, all ethical standards for Kansas City Police Department are derived from Wyandotte County Unified Government code of ethics and the police department lacks police specific philosophies toward ethical conduct (UnifiedRead MoreCode Of Ethics Within Policing1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshave their own code of ethics. But a question some might ask is, what is a code of ethics? Code of ethics set out the values that reinforce the code and will describe a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s obligation to its stakeholders. The code is available to the public and can be addressed to anyone who shows interest in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s activities and how that company does business. The purpose of this paper is to compare a code of ethics from another institution outside of policing, with a code of ethics within policingRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma of a Police Officer Essay1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDilemma of a Police Officer Professions are guided by codes of ethics to aid them in performance of their duties and to ensure maintenance of high standards of conduct. Police officers are faced with a maze of obligations in the performance of their official duties. The Ã¢â¬Å"Law Enforcement Code of EthicsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Canons of Police EthicsÃ¢â¬ were created to make explicit the conduct considered appropriate for police officers and to guide them in the performance of their duties. Although police have these guidesRead MoreCriminal Justice: Ethics and Integrity676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEthics and integrity are important to a police chief or county sheriff in a number of ways. First, ethics and integrity assist a police chief or a county sheriff to recruit the best officers who can work in their departments. It is only through application of the principles of ethics and integrity that a police chief or a county sheriff can identify these qualities in the potential applicants, and use them in the recr uitment process. Second, ethics and integrity are important to a police chief orRead MoreCode Of Conduct For Law Enforcement Essay1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEthics in Criminal Justice Assignment 1 Sydney E Vaughn CRJU 1400 Ethics and Cultural Perspectives in Criminal Justice Professor Stephen N. Knights Jr October 22, 2016 Contents Introduction 2 Police Ethics 2 Corruption 3 Police Corruption 3 Police Discretion in Ethics 4 Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement 4 Types of Police Corruption 4 Ethics in the Courtroom 5 Prosecuting Attorneys 5 Defense Attorneys 5 Ethics in Police Training 6 Closing 6 Introduction Ethics by definition states thatRead MoreEssay on Ethics in Policing824 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEthics in Policing CJS/210 November 1, 2009 William Whitlatch, Instructor Ethics in Policing According to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s Dictionary, ethics is defined Ã¢â¬Å"as the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligationÃ¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster Online). This concept is prevalent in the world of police work since police officers are supposed to be the Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ in whatever is considered a Ã¢â¬Å"badÃ¢â¬ situation. Many police departments offer training in ethics during the time in whichRead MoreThe Oath of Office and Code of Ethics Essay1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesare many issues facing the criminal justice system. Some of these issues include police corruption, use of excessive and deadly force, pursuits, and deviance. The media influences public opinion and there is concern over the morality, and ethics of our public leaders. (DeShon, 2000) The criminal justice system has two neglected and important issues of integrity and truth; the oath of office and the code of ethics. (DeShon, 2000) In many agencies the impact these two iss ues have on our communitiesRead MorePolice Ethics As A Hot Button Topic Socially Today1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPolice Ethics when policing minorities and use of force is a hot button topic socially today. With the recent climb of deaths caused by Police or while in police custody the questionability of ethics in minority has risen among all and not just with the minority groups. There are many current cases where the use of force that police officers chose is queried on excessive force. Recently there are several cases that bring investigation into the ethics of the officers who are involved in using deadlyRead MoreEthical Policies And Practices Of The New South Wales Police Force1567 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessociety. More specifically, it is an ideal and aiming to practice it is a necessary element in any liberal, democratic communityÃ¢â¬ . The ethical policies and practices of the New South Wales Police Force (N.S.W.P.F), including the Oath of Office, Missions and functions, Stat ement of values and Code of Conduct and Ethics will be discussed in relation to the Ã¢â¬Å"Rule of LawÃ¢â¬ . Two real examples will also be discussed to demonstrate the ethical dilemmas that exist in the N.S.W.P.F. At its most fundamental level
Friday, May 15, 2020
Communication and Leadership Ã¢â¬â Nurse Olivia Witte Communication is a tool that nurse leaders should master to send information, perception, and understanding to achieve work activities and goals. Effective communication involves clear and direct messaging of thoughts and ideas. The three elements that leaders utilize when creating and enhancing effective communication are trust, respect, and empathy. For this paper, I will discuss some of the issues found in chapter sevenÃ¢â¬â¢s critical thinking exercise. Nurse Olivia Witte, who is in charge of an interdisciplinary team, faces several issues regarding communicating with the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s physicians about a critical pathway development for ventilator-dependent patients, the dietician who wants to integrate dietary protocols for the pathway, and a home health care representative who is absent from meetings because of accreditation survey work. Defining the Problem and Assigning Ownership As the group leader, it is OliviaÃ¢â¬â¢s responsibility to manage this interdisciplinary team as they develop a critical pathway for patients with multiple complex needs. The main problem presented in this exercise is that Olivia must find a way to communicate to the group the importance of removing the critical pathway barriers to providing patients with the best possible care. Because this issue affects the care coordination of these debilitated patients, this problem belongs to everyone involved in the decision-making group as well as theShow MoreRelatedLeadership : A Nurse Manager Of The Telemetry Floor At The Hospital1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Leadership is an important part of almost all profession. It is no surprise that the role of nursing profession evolving, with that evolution, leadership is becoming more and more important. Leadership establishes an environment that foster personal and professional growth. Nursing is a profession that put huge emphasis on leadership skills. Leadership is such an essential part of our health care system, which can greatly impact the quality, accessibility and affordability of healthRead MoreLeadership From A Nurses Perspective1548 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLeadership in Clinical Nursing When one thinks of leaders, they think of those who hold a high profile position or someone who is highly visible in the public eye. A leader, regardless of prestige is someone who can easily influence and inspire the actions and goals of others. The definition of a leader in Nursing Leadership and Management in Nursing states, Ã¢â¬Å"leadership is commonly defined as a process of influence in which the leader influences others towards goal achievement (Kelly, 2012 p.2)Read MoreNurse Leaders : The Backbone Of Healthcare Industries1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Nurses, who make up the majority of the healthcare workers, are the backbone of healthcare industries. Their knowledge, skills, and commitment to their patients make them a true aspect of nursing. For many years, the role of nurses became more complex due to the changes of the healthcare needs of the population. It has evolved from providing care at bedside to becoming a part of an interdisciplinary team. Nurses are guided by nurse leaders who provide motivation and inspiration forRead MoreLeadership Styles And Standards For Creating Healthy Work Environments930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNUR 565: Leadership and Healthy Work Environments Economist John Maynard Keynes once said that Ã¢â¬Å"the hardest thing is not to get people to accept new ideas; it is to get them to forget old onesÃ¢â¬ (Porter-OÃ¢â¬â¢Grady, Malloch, 2015). In the United States, the healthcare system is a testament to this. Both leadership styles and standards for creating healthy work environments are factors immediately affecting healthcare and its development today. Assessing current leaderships styles and suggesting the inclusionRead MoreNurse Staffing Ratios Essay1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesNurse staffing ratios Running head: NURSE STAFFING RATIOS Nurse Staffing Ratios Maureen K. Halstead Grand Canyon University: Theories and Concepts in Leadership and Management/451V September 15, 2012 Nurse Staffing Ratios Over the past number of years there has been a nursing shortage which has led to the need of more registered nurses in the hospital setting. This is due to the uprising acuity of patient care and a decrease in there overall hospital stayRead MoreEngaging Others With Leadership. The Healthcare System1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEngaging Others with Leadership The healthcare system includes multiple individuals with unique leadership skills to improve the quality of care for the patients. Leadership can be defined as identifying a goal to motivate others to act a certain way and provide support (Daly, Jackson. Rumsey, Patterson, Davidson, 2015). Nursing leadership combines both personal traits and theories that depend on the personality of the leader (Scully, 2015). A positive outcome from nursing leadership is that it canRead MorePersonal Statement On Health Assessment Essay1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesusefulness to the current world will also be discussed. The concepts are as follows: Communication in Health Assessment (Module1), Management planning in Nursing Process (Module 3), leadership and leadership style, Data collection in health assessment , nutritional assessment, vital signs, Depression and its assessment, substance abuse assessment and lastly assessing skin diseases: Skin cancer. 1. Communication in health assessment According to Wikipedia, Health Assessment is a plan of careRead MoreLeadership, Leadership And Mobilization Of The Junior Nurses1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNursing profession is a typical sector, which requires effective leadership, as it deals with matter of humanity and life. Leadership in nursing profession should be dynamic and inclusive so as to inspire the team members to a great performance index and to save the lives of the patients through efficient and quality leadership. Several leadership qualities from Abrashoff could be applied into the nursing profession to inspire, motivate, and empower the team members to greater heights of performanceRead MoreA Holistic Perspective Of The Role And Their Impact On Patient Outcomes1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnalyzing a Nurse in a Manger Role The purpose of this paper is to Ã¢â¬Å"gain a holistic perspective of the leadership role and their impact on patient outcomesÃ¢â¬ (Sinutko, 2016). The role of a nurse in a management position can extend beyond the confines of the hospital. Ã¢â¬Å"There are plenty of opportunities to put your nursing skills to good use outside the hospital wallsÃ¢â¬ (Brooks, 2015). Nursing information technology (IT), research analyst, healthcare educator, and the insurance industry are just aRead MoreThe Transformational Leadership Of A Nurse Leader1681 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAs a nurse leader, it is important to have a strong work ethic, efficiency, dependability, and ability to organize. They should also be a well-organized coordinator, knowledgeable collaborator, and skilled delegator who practice safe and effective care. If I am to be a Unit Director, I choose the transformational leadership style. I believe that the best nursing leadership style related to lessened mortality rate of the patient is the transformational leadership, which is inspiring followers to perform
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Interpersonal Communication: Social Exchange Theory Interpersonal communication can be described as communication that occurs between two or more individuals. While communication can be either verbal, nonverbal, or written, interpersonal communication is more commonly practiced through face to face, verbal communication (Burton, 2011). The interpersonal communication process begins with a Ã¢â¬Å"senderÃ¢â¬ , which is the person that is communicating a message to another person. The Ã¢â¬Å"receiverÃ¢â¬ is the person that is retrieving the message from the sender. It is then the receiverÃ¢â¬â¢s job to interpret the message, and give feedback to the sender, allowing them to know that the message was received, and understood (Burton, 2011). Another way interpersonal communication can be looked at uses the Shannon and Weaver model, which breaks up the process into five parts. The information source, transmitter (sender), receiver, destination, and noise, which is sometimes involved (Hill, 2007). Noise is anything that can get in the way of the clarity of a message. An example could be a crackle through the phone line, or an interruption from a third party. Noise can create complications within interpersonal communication, and make it harder for the message to be delivered clearly (Hill, 2007). When it comes to interpersonal communication, there are a few theories that branch off of it. Some of those theories include Social Exchange Theory, Politeness Theory, the Dialectical Perspective and theShow MoreRelatedInterpersonal Communication On A Daily Base983 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSociety sees interpersonal communication on a daily base. The question might be what is interpersonal communication, is there conflict, and where we experience it. Communication skills are developed to enhance or improve with the increased knowledge and practice. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s world with various forms of communication is ideal to have a superb interpersonal skill. Tough Interpersonal communication is an exchange of information between two or more people. Furthermore, the uncertainty theory comes from theRead MoreThe Effects Of Inappropriate Interpersonal Communication On Health And Social Care Settings1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdealing with inappropriate interpersonal communication between individuals in health and social care settings. I am reviewing the methods how to use interpersonal communication to deal with individuals in health and social care settings. Interpersonal communication is defined as the verbal and non-verbal interaction between two interdependent people (occasionally more). This comparatively is an easy definition suggests a variety of properties. Interpersonal communication process by replacing humanRead MoreSocial Exchange Theory1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Social Exchange Theory was created by researchers John W. Thibaut and Harold H. Kelley, was an attempt to everyday interpersonal relationships. This theory, with backgrounds in sociology and economics, appeals to so many because of it simple answers to human interaction and intentions. The social exchange theory is very rational and considers humans to be rational in every thought they make. It examines human behavior through costs and benefits of being in a particular relationship. The theoryRead MoreThe Social Exchange Theory in Interp ersonal Relationships1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInterpersonal communication is a form of communication that takes place between two people who have an established relationship. There are many different levels of interpersonal communication and theories of interpersonal communication. One of the theories that is used to explain changes in social behavior is the social exchange theory. The social exchange theory proposes that social behavior is the result of an exchange process between two people. The basic concept of the exchange theory is thatRead MoreInterpersonal Relationships And Its Effects On The Family And Community822 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesneed for interpersonal relationships including intimate, business, and family relationships, and friendship. The topic of interpersonal relationships has been an area of concern for many disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Academicians aim to discover the combination of factors that sustain or hinder interpersonal r elations and why people need them. In this quest, many theories, concepts, and axioms have been proposed to explain the complex notion of interpersonal relationshipsRead MoreThe Effects of Facebook Communication on Social Penetration Theory1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract The Effects of Facebook Communication on Social Penetration Theory This paper examines a possible study to measure how CMC -- specifically Facebook communication -- is changing and evolving social penetration theory (Altman Taylor, 1973). More specifically, the surveys are designed to determine if self-disclosure is happening more quickly in Facebook relationships. Altman and Taylor examine the stages of self-disclosure in social penetration theory and this study will determine if theRead MoreThe Social Penetration Theory the Uncertain Reduction Theory Implications on the Sales Process1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUncertainty reduction theory This theory comes to explain the uncertainty among people who communicate with each other and how different types of communication will help to reduce the uncertainty. As a starting point, the developers of this theory (Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese) stated that uncertainty is an unpleasant feeling, which people prefer to avoid as much as they can. Every person has been confronted with the feeling of uncertainty, rather if it was when arriving to new a destinationRead MoreThe Impact Of Social Media On Interpersonal Relationships1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In order to understand the impact that social media and technology have had on human interpersonal relationships a perspective into the theories of interpersonal relations might be of help. First of all, the very basic definition of Interpersonal relationships are the social connections that we make with others. As human beings we have a multitude of interpersonal relationships; family, friends, love interests, marriage and f ellow workers. These relationships can be short lived, casual or long lastingRead MoreSocial Penetration1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrelation or dealing with each other. It is through the process of communication, which is the process where human beings transmit ideas, information, and attitudes to one another, that our relationships are forged. Without communication there would be no relationships involved with people. Many communication scholars have tried to study on how these relationships develop. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor had developed a theory, social penetration, to explain how relationships are established and explainRead MoreInterpersonal Relationships Analysis1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInterpersonal Relationships Analysis This comprehensive analysis determines the concepts, components, and elements of interpersonal relationships. The concept of attraction foundations shows four different stages of attraction beginning with social and interpersonal communication skills forming a bond between two people. The social environment promotes building of interpersonal relationships for both the professional and private environments. The unique exchanges between interpersonal relationships
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Logistics Management in Retail Manufacturer Zara. Answer: Introduction This report aims to study the supply chain management and logistics of fashion retailer, Zara. In the business world Zara has made its name in terms of managing its supply chain in best possible way, therefore this company has been selected for studying the importance of efficient supply chain management. We would discuss the background of the company followed by essential supply chain/logistics management terms and concepts. Thereby we would study in detail the components of supply chain and their role in making Zara a success story. Further we would explore the centralized logistics and strong distribution network of Zara, its Just-in-time policy and inventory management concepts. The study is to explore the effectiveness of strong supply chain management by Zara. However, its success might not be solely dependent on the strength of its supply chain management but Zara nevertheless, sets an example of well organised and efficient supply chain. The theoretical concepts of moving inventory, good relationships with suppliers, avoidance of piled up stock are all evident in the supply chain of Zara. Company Profile In 1975, Zara was established by Amancio Ortega Gaona and Rosalia Mera and it initially dealt with lingerie and night wears for women which were actually cancelled orders and other replicas of high end fashion brands. The company is based in Arteixo, Galicia and is prime brand of the Inditex group, its parent group and largest retailer of apparels across the globe. It also owns brands like Zara Home, Oysho, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Pull and Bear, Stradivarius and Uterqe. Zara as well as its parent group place main emphasis on the its customers and its highly effective demand centric supply management (O'Marah and Hofman, 2010). today Zara has more than 2000 stores across the world and boasts revenue of 11.594 billion in 2015 (Zara, 2015). Supply Chain/Logistics Management form source to customer The function of Supply chain management (SCM) is to supervise the flow of information, materials as well as finances in the process beginning from the supplier to manufacturer, to wholesaler to retailer and finally to consumer. Supply chain management includes synchronizing and assimilating these flows of the processes in the company as well as among other companies. Logistics management could be considered as a part of supply chain management. Logistics management mainly deals in planning, implementing and controlling the competent forward and reverse flow. It also encompasses storage of goods and other associated information from the origin of product or service to the point of consumption, keeping in view the requirements of the customers. In the current business environment, the SCM and the Logistics Management function handles both upstream and downstream systems (Skjott-Larsen et al, 2007). It is important that the management or the business stakeholders should take the inputs from other stakeholders before developing the specific supply chain or logistics management strategy (Romano, 2009). It would be correct to say that for the large manufacturers like Zara, the strategic decisions are based on the underlying supply chain management strength and weakness. For Zara, the supply chain management starts from procurement and it ends at the feedback collection from customers. The feedback from the market and customers enable Zara to have an effective supply chain network in place. The company also uses various other models to connect the Supply Chain strategies with the end customers. According to the Five Forces Model and PESTEL analysis to identify external and internal atmosphere and competitive advantage of Zara listed HM, Benetton and Gap as its major competitors. However, the biggest challenge for the leaders in fashion industry is ever changing customer preferences. This leads to shorter life span of products, market highly flexible and demanding which makes it difficult for companies to maintain their market positions (Christopher, 2005). In these competitive conditions Zara have a strong hold of market due to its strategic supply chain or logistic management. The speed of delivery, the policy of Just-In-Time and vertical integration sets it apart from its competitors and make for an ideal organisation to understand the theories and implementation of supply chain management. Zara deploys logistics processes which are technologically and thereby assist in maintaining its success. At Zara all the main tasks of supply chain management are collaborated with the strategic utilization of resources and fundamental competencies to give it necessary competitive edge. The supply chain of Zara involves frequent communication between its suppliers, fashion designers, factories and store managers. The blueprint of the Zaras supply chain management can be shown as: The management of Zara believes that the communication and the interaction with different stakeholders is the key to success for Zara. Therefore, the company has created an agile Supply Chain where different stakeholders can interact without wasting any time. The company has also used the Information Technology to create a nimble and flexible Supply Chain. For Zara, the key consideration of Supply Chain Management is to obtain a balance between efficiency and responsiveness (Wolbrum, 2014). The company is known for its efficient Supply Chain and the inventory in the stores of Zara is replenished at shorter time intervals. It provides a competitive edge to Zara. Therefore, it would be correct to say that Zara has been able to use its Supply Chain Management as its strategic resource that has helped the company to improve its business positioning. Supply Chain Components at Zara and Sustainability through the value chain From the manufacturer to the consumer the chain of processes followed at Zara constitutes its Supply Chain. This chain includes the following stages: designing stage, sourcing stage, manufacturing stage and stage of distribution to outlets. At outlets the products are available for the consumers to choose and purchase. Zara enjoys complete control over various production phases of its products. The success of company could also be contributed to its control over its operations, beginning from the stage of designing to crafting, manufacturing and to up till delivery of its products. This helps them in rapidly responding to the ever changing preferences of the consumers in the fashion world. In the wake of any new design or trend in the fashion world, Zara rapidly able to deliver required products on very short notice, giving its competitors tough time in the market. It enjoys advantages of horizontal supply chain which is generally much easy to control as the assembly line has minimum possible responsibilities. The most important component of Zaras Supply Chain are its suppliers. Since the company has adopted vertically integrated supply chain it has tremendous control over its suppliers. This enables them to easily meet the demands and keep the products updated as per the market trends. At Zara the production philosophy is to continuously introducing new designs and bringing them to market with quick launches without the trend being out of fashion. They follow the ideology of providing maximum styles to its customers so that they have greater choices. They follow the strategy of launching their products in few limited stores by supplying few pieces of new products. This makes their latest products exclusive thereby generating curiosity and raising demand for the next launches. This strategy also generates streak of compulsive purchasing among the customers because of limited supply. The products of Zara serve the purpose of advertisement as fulfilment of customer expectation is their prima ry target. The products line is frequently changing and the stocks remain limited thus the consumers frequently visits Zara stores (Vachon, 2013). The value chain of Zara and Competition can be shown as: Centralized logistics and strong distribution network Another important component of the supply chain is storage. Zara owns number of warehouses to store their garments and circulate them efficiently to its outlets. The storing of products is not done for longer period of time as this means that the trend of market could change in the meanwhile. Next important part of Zaras supply chain is its distribution system. For outlets in Spain Zara ships its products through Corunna depot or Zara Logistics from the manufacturers (Casamassima, 2011). The company keeps its products fresh and latest by not stocking its inventories for long time and distributing them to outlets twice in a week. In case of international distributions logistics carries distribute it across the border of Spain according to the orders from the stores. These orders are taken by the commercial manager who manages them by placing them with the logistics in accordance with the rank assigned to the stores on the basis of their accuracy of orders and sales (Wolbrum, 2014). Za ra avoids piling up of stock by immediately ceasing production of type of products which are not selling. By doing so the changing needs and preferences of the customers are also met effectively. Zaras strong distribution network make sure that the company deliver goods within 24 hours to its stores across Europe and in less than 40 hours to outlets in America and Asia. Zara uses effective communication technology to ensure that its products collections and designs are updated every week. The store managers can place orders through the La Corunna for both sold as well as unsold products. This technology helps in deciding critical questions whether the product has to be kept in the store or taken off, whether the similar designs are in demand and must be created or not and so on. The designers get feedback from customers regarding the sales, remarks and criticism of their products thereby making effective use of technology to have effective processing. The participant map of Zaras supply chain can be shown as: Just-in-time Policy at Zara Zara has set a global example for the use of supply chain policy of Just in time. Japanese pioneered the policy of Just-in-Time (JiT) which aims at monitors inventory (Hill, 2009). As per the observations of Ohno (1988) Toyota, the car manufacturer was able to eliminate wastes by minimizing inventory holding costs, production time and by reducing defects (Christopher and Towill, 2000). Today the strategy of JiT could be found in use at almost every big manufacturing company. This policy is used at Zara in synchronisation with modernisation and principles of customer value. Zara has competitive advantage due to its robust supply chain. The consumer driven market of fashion makes it necessary for the companies to keep on updating its products. Zara has the quest for invention and it makes best use of the latest innovation and technology to maintain its leadership in the fashion industry. Also, its strong partnership, alliance and clarity with its suppliers give its supply chain much needed forte (Romano, 2009). As per Pedler et al (1997) a company is said to be learning organization when it gives support in collective and individual learning, participative learning, along with partnership, alliance and ecological scanning. At Zara the training, sense of sympathy and cooperative ethos form core characteristics. According to Dalton (2010) learning and core competence are the foundations of competitive advantage. The value chain analysis proposed the core competence of Zara. Inventory management Stocking up of inventory means providing out of fashion clothes in rapidly changing fashion world. Zara completely understands that and avoids piling up of inventory at any stage of its supply chain right from raw materials to finished products. they use inventory optimization models so to help in determining the quantity of products to be delivered to each of its retail stores by means of twice in a week shipments (Hamid, 2012). They make sure that the stock delivered is strictly limited so that each outlet gets just what has been ordered. This also helps in making brand image of being exclusive along with avoiding pile up of unwanted stock. Conclusion In conclusion we can summarize that supply chain management at Zara provides better understanding of placing emphasis on internal value chain. the policies of Zara which are customer-centric products at very high speed without giving chance of trend of its products being out of fashion helps in making Zara a successful company (Yano, 2010). Zara make use of customized technology, vertical integration, logistics and economies of scale learned from Inditex its parent company. Another important factor of its success are knowledge and information management, collaboration and inventive capacity, and strategy for customer-centric products. The success of Zara reflects the strength of its operations. The integration of its cross-functional operations strategies with its vertically integrated supply chain make sure that the production is not in mass and the inventories are well managed, this in turn ensures lower markdowns which spells into higher profitability and creation of greater value for all the stakeholders in short as well as long term. References Chen, F. Y., Yano, C. A. (2010). Improving supply chain performance and managing risk under weather-related demand uncertainty.Management Science,56(8), 1380-1397. Christopher, M. (2005). Logistics and supply chain management: creating value-adding networks. Financial Times/Prentice Hall. Christopher and Towill (2000) Supply Chain Migration from Lean and Functional to Agile and Customized. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, Vol 5(4), pp206-213. Dalton (2010) Leadership and Management Development. Harlow, Pearson Education Ltd. Globerson, S., Wolbrum, G. (2014). Logistics Management and Supply Chain Management: A Critical Evaluation.International Journal of Business and Economics Research,3(2), 82. Hajmohammad, S., Vachon, S., Klassen, R. D., Gavronski, I. (2013). Lean management and supply management: their role in green practices and performance.Journal of Cleaner Production,39, 312-320. Hill (2009) Global Business Today. New York, McGraw Hill Irwin. Ohno, T., 1988. Toyota production system: beyond large-scale production. crc Press. O'Marah, K. and Hofman, D. (2010). Supply Chain Management The Top 25 show how it's done, from basic cost center to essential weapon. World Trade, 23(9), p.16. Pedler, M., Burgoyne, J.G. and Boydell, T., 1996. The learning company: A strategy for sustainable development. McGraw-Hill. Romano (2009) How can fluid dynamics help supply chain management? International Journal of Production Economics, 118 (2009) p467. Royo-Vela, M., Casamassima, P. (2011). The influence of belonging to virtual brand communities on consumers' affective commitment, satisfaction and word-of-mouth advertising: The ZARA case.Online Information Review,35(4), 517-542. Skjott-Larsen et al (2007) Managing the Global Supply Chain.3rd edition, Copenhagen,Narayana Press. Sukati, I., Hamid, A. B., Baharun, R., Yusoff, R. M. (2012). The study of supply chain management strategy and practices on supply chain performance.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,40, 225-233. Zara (2015) Available at: https://www.inditex.com/en/brands/zara (Accessed: 6 July 2016).
Monday, April 13, 2020
Hamlet Of Shakespeare Shakespeare's tragic hero, Hamlet, and his sanity can arguably be discussed. Many portions of the play supports his loss of control in his actions, while other parts uphold his ability of dramatic art. The issue can be discussed both ways and altogether provide significant support to either theory. There are indications from Hamlet throughout the play of his mind's well being. Hamlet's antic disposition may have caused him in certain times that he is in a roleplay. Hamlet has mood swings as his mood changes abruptly throughout the play. Hamlet appears to act mad when he hears of his father's murder. At the time he speaks wild and whirling words "Why, right; you are in the right; And so, without more circumstance at all, I hold it fit that we shake hands and part..."[Act I, scene V, lines 127-134]. It seems as if there are two Hamlets in the play, one that is sensitive and an ideal prince, and the insane barbaric Hamlet who from an outburst of passion and rage slays Polonius with no feeling of remorse, "Thou wretched, rash, intruding fool, farewell! / I took thee for thy better. Take thy fortune;/ Thou find'st to be too busy is some danger." [Act III. scene IV, lines 31-33] and then talks about lugging his guts into another room. After Hamlet kills Polonius he will not tell anyone where the body is. Instead he assumes his ironic matter which others take it as madness. "Not where he eats, but where he is eaten. / A certain convocation of politic worms are even at him." [Act IV, scene III, lines 20-21]. "If your messenger find him not there, seek him in the other place yourself. But, indeed, if you find him not within this month, you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby."[Act IV, scene III, lines 33-36]. Hamlet's behavior throughout the play, especially towards Ophelia is inconsistent. He jumps into Ophelia's grave, and fights with Laertes in her grave. He professes "I loved Ophelia. Forty thousand brothers/Could not, with all their quantity of love,/ Make up my sum" [Act V, scene I, lines 277-279], during the fight with Laertes in Ophelia's grave, but he tells her that he never loved her, when she returns his letters and gifts, while she was still alive. Hamlet subtly hints his awareness of his dissolving sanity as he tells Laertes that he killed Polonius in a fit of madness [Act V, scene II, lines 236-250]. Hamlet has violent outbursts towards his mother. His outburst seems to be out of jealousy, as a victim to the Oedipus complex. He alone sees his father's ghost in his mother's chambers. Every other time the ghost appeared someone else has seen it. During this scene he finally shows his madness, because his mother does not see the ghost. "On him, on him! Look you how pale he glares!/ his form and cause conjoined, preaching to stones / Would make them capable" [Act III, scene IV, lines 126-128]. Throughout the play, there are also supporting factors to argue Hamlet's sanity, as these details compromise his madness, to balance out his mental state. Hamlet tells Horatio that he is going to feign madness, and that if Horatio notices any strange behavior from Hamlet, it is because he is putting on an act. [Act I, scene V, lines 166-180]. Hamlet's madness in no way reflects Ophelia's true madness, his actions contrast them. Hamlet's madness is only apparent when he is in the presence of certain characters. When Hamlet is around Polonius, Claudius, Gertrude, Ophelia, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, he behaves unreasonably. When Hamlet in the presence of Horatio, Bernardo, Francisco, The Players, and Clowns, his actions are sensible. Other characters confess that Hamlet's actions are still unsure whether Hamlet's insanity is authentic or not. Claudius confesses that Hamlet's actions although strange, do not appear to stem from madness. "And I do doubt the hatch and the disclose/ Will be some danger; which for to prevent,/ I have in quick determination [Act III, scene I, lines 169-171]. Polonius admits that Hamlet's actions and words have a method to them; there appears to be a reason behind them, they are logical in nature. "Though this be madness, yet there is method in't". [Act II, scene II, line 206] Hamlet tells his mother "That I essentially am not in madness,/ But mad in craft." [Act III, scene IV, lines 189-190]. Hamlet believes in his sanity at all times, He never doubts his control over his sanity.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Business Markets of The World Today Ã¢â¬â Economics Essay Free Online Research Papers Business Markets of The World Today Economics Essay Businesses and consumers are what determine most aspects of the markets in our world today. The supply and demand in different types of markets are what set prices. What people want is what the businesses will supply. This supply and demand has different effects on each type of market. Supply is how much the businesses will bring to a market to sell at different prices. This amount has a direct relationship with how much of that product is demanded by the consumers. The demand is defined as the desire, ability and willingness of consumers to buy a product. A business will only supply things that are demanded by consumers. This is the only way a business can sell products and survive. Ã¢â¬Å"When peoples goals change, the amount of benefit they get from the good changes, and this will cause them to change the amount of the good they want to buy.Ã¢â¬ (Schnek, Robert) The law of demand states that, if prices are raised, then quantity demanded will decrease. Some reasons the demand will change are, consumer income, consumer taste, price of substitutes, and compliments. For example, if consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ income goes up, the demand will go up as well because they are able to afford more. When businesses supply goods, they take the demand and reasons for its changes in account. The law of supply states that when price goes up, quantity supplied increases as well. Supply of a product can change for a number of reasons; cost of inputs, productivity, technology, the number of sellers, taxes, subsidies, expectations, and government regulations. Businesses need to know both demand and supply so they can find the market equilibrium. This is where quantity supplied and quantity demanded is equal. In a perfect market this would be the price of the product. If the price is below market equilibrium, then there is a shortage of that product. If price is set above market equilibrium, then there is a surplus. Market structure is the type of competition between different firms in the same type of industry. There are four different types of market structures found in the United States, pure competition, monopolistic competition, oligopoly, and monopoly. In pure competition, it is assumed that the business and consumer are both well informed, and that they are buying and selling the exact same product. There must be a large number of buyers and sellers, each buyer and seller must act independently, and anyone can enter the market or leave at anytime, in pure competition. A good example would be farming where everyone basically charges the same price for a banana. In this type of competition, market equilibrium will set the price of all products, and all firms involved set approximately the same price. The next market structure is monopolistic competition. This is what mainly composes the American economic system. Monopolistic competition has all of the same requirements of pure competition, except for having the same products. This allows a business to vary a product to draw the consumers to their product rather than anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s product. The business will achieve this by advertising campaigns. For example, a shoe company might make their shoes more colorful and Ã¢â¬Å"in styleÃ¢â¬ to attract attention to their product to differentiate their product from the competitionÃ¢â¬â¢s. Still, however, in this market, businesses will charge a price that is close to market equilibrium, or else they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t sell their products. They have more control over price than that in pure competition. Third is an oligopoly in which very few large businesses dominate an industry. Coke and Pepsi are good examples of oligopolies because those are the major soft drink companies. In most oligopolies, when one of the companies does something new, or lowers prices, the other few companies will follow. Oligopolies have an immense amount of control over prices. They can either set them really high or low. Most of the time, the businesses will try to lower their prices as to stay competitive in their industry. The prices of an oligopoly, however, are usually higher than that of monopolistic competition. Since there is this competition, advertising is a huge part of an oligopoly. The last type of market is a monopoly, in which one business dominates an industry, and there are no close substitutes. There are four types of monopolies. The first is a natural monopoly where the society is better with only one because it makes costs less. An example is an electric company; it just wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense to have two companies in one area. The second is a geographic monopoly, in which a business is a monopoly simply based on its location. It may be the only on in the area or for miles around, and the area may be too small to support two buisness of the same type. The next is a technological monopoly, where a business will come out with some type of new software, and no other firm has it, making the business with the technology a monopoly. The last monopoly is a government, where the business is owned by government, and is operated by them as well. In all monopolies, all the products are the same because only one firm makes them, and there is no need for a dvertising because there are no rivals. This makes monopolies able to charge what ever they want to for their product. In the American system, the market that is most common is monopolistic competition. An example that shows this would be deodorant companies. One can buy almost any scent desired. There are some that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t tested on animals, or are organic, and then there are some that are for heavy sweaters, and athletes. In many magazines, there are ads for different brands of deodorants that do different things, Ã¢â¬Å"SecretÃ¢â¬ is a good example of a company that uses advertising. For a deodorant company to sell its products it has to keep its price relatively close to market equilibrium, or else people would use its many substitutes. Business and consumers have a very important impact on supply and demand and prices in the different types of markets. Depending on the market, a business will advertise and set price to get consumers to purchase their products. All of these aspects put together make up the American system. 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Monday, February 24, 2020
Verbal Communication Skills - Essay Example Words are imitative of sounds. Use of words alone has no meaning because it the people who supply meaning to constituent words. When meaning is assigned to words, there is the development of language which later develops the process of speaking (Williamson 2008, 1). Language develops from the act of working together or doing things together in a socialization circle which leads to coining meaning to words. In every communication we get involved, we need to have nonviolent communication where we use our words in a polite manner so as not to hurt our listeners or cause pain to them. If there is the use of hard languages or vocabularies, communication breakdown is experienced (Rosenberg 2003). In communication, the interlocutor needs to choose words effectively because one does not need to hurt the listener in anyway. It is important to avoid impolite language which may triggers bad feelings because this leads to communication breakdown. In communication one assumes that his or her lang uage and content is understood by the other party by ensuring our needs are felt by the other party in the conversation (Rosenberg 2003) Theory of mind During face to face to communication, it is imperative to apply the theory of mind whereby we use our ability as interlocutors to infer the listenerÃ¢â¬â¢s mental states. We need to consider their thoughts, desires, beliefs, intentions among others. It is also the ability to interpret what people say to us. In that aspect, we are able to predict their next actions which help us to know of their behaviors. For efficient verbal communication, theory of mind needs to be applied wholesomely so as to acquire the best results in the communication process. This theory helps people to engage in a conversation without any need to explain every bit of their communication in the process (Williamson 2008, 1). Cognitive dissonance theory Cognitive dissonance is derived from the discomfort we experience psychologically when there is something th at is not clear in our lives or conversation. During the communication process, people avoid things that can irritate them or make their information inferior. They avoid talking things that can hurt their listeners because they want to apply ethics their communication (Rosenberg 2003). We ought to give peace by our talks so that we enhance a relationship that mutual benefits us in life. Verbal communications needs the parties involved to have a mutual understanding of whatever they talk about so as to uphold an interaction which brings forth common delivery of information. Distorted information only complicates the messages intended to be got from the verbal communication (Williamson 2008, 1). Communication accommodation theory In this theory the people involved in a communication adjust their styles of communication because they move from one stage of communication to another. They continue understanding one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s messages by the fact that they continue talking. Continua tion or sustenance of a conversation is an indication that people understand one another and accommodate the information they share in the process of communicatio